Website Development

Simply put, web development is the process of creating websites from scratch to be hosted on the Internet or the intranet.

Often confused with web design, web development constitutes a broad range of aspects, but it usually comprises of the main non-design aspects of website creation – writing markup and coding.


Types Of Web Development

There are two broad types of web development that ensure that a website operates effectively on the user’s screen, as well as behind the scenes.


Front End Development

Front end website development, as the name suggests, involves the ‘front end’ or the appearance of the website. It includes taking the design team’s ideas of the website appearance and its execution by writing the specific code.

Front end development heavily relies on the use of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML allows web developers to add content on the website while also ensuring that they are split into different headings, paragraphs, and tables.

CSS, on the other hand, is used for the ‘style’ element in web development. Elements like the website’s colors, sizes, and borders are determined by the usage of CSS. Lastly, JavaScript allows the addition of interactive elements on the web pages.

Front end development involves ensuring that the website appears clear and appropriately designed. From the color contrast to the responsiveness across different devices – front end development determines the appeal of the website.


Back End Development

While front end development can be vaguely attributed to being concerned with the appearance and appeal of the website, back end development works on the server side of things.

Back end development involves the meticulous creation of codes and programs that power the website’s servers, databases, and any other applications that it may contain. The ability to create efficient and clear codes is the hallmark of excellent back end development, as it enables a website to execute an action in the most efficient way possible.

Since the speed of a website is a major consideration when evaluating a website for search engine optimization, the efficiency and clarity of backend development are a must-have for modern businesses.

Due to the inherent complication associated with backend development, a wide range of server-side languages are used to create different programs – as per clients’ needs. Some of the most famous back end website development languages are JavaScript, Ruby, Java, PHP, and Python. SQL is also another language excessively used to manage and analyze data in website databases.

Components Of Web Development

The entire process of web development can be further bifurcated into three different categories.


Client Side Coding

Client-side web development entails development to take place on the client, or the user’s side of the screen. The process entails that the program executed (referred to as client-side scripts) on the web browser, request the files it requires to run from the web server, which then runs on the client’s browser.

Client-side coding allows webpages to display unique and interchanging content depending on multiple factors, such as how the user navigates through the website. Some of the popular plug-ins and languages used in client-side coding are jQuery, HTML5, Ajax, JavaScript, Flash, Microsoft Silverlight, and CSS3.


Server Side Coding

As the opposite of client-side scripts, server-side scripts are executed directly through the web server when the user requests a document or service. The server then proceeds to produce the document that can be read by the client’s browser.

Some of the popular plug-ins and languages used in server-side coding are Ruby, PHP, Java, Perl, ColdFusion, Python, and ASP.NET.


Database Technology

It is imperative for any website that operates across the Internet, to be hosted inside a database, on a web server. The database consists of all the files that a website requires to function effectively. Websites typically utilize relational database management systems (RDBMS) including Microsoft SQL Server, Apache, Oracle, and IBM. However, open-source RDBMS including MariaDB, PostgreSQL, and MySQL are also very popular.


About Mettrr

Mettrr is one of the first DIFM (Do It For Me) website development agencies that combines advanced technology alongside industry expertise to craft exemplary websites in just 48 hours!

We develop, design, create and manage your website for you. Mettrr leverages its relationship with some of the most secure hosting providers around the globe to ensure your website continues to function consistently – remaining available without any disturbances.